Is Dragon Fruit Good for Diabetes?



Dragon fruit, additionally referred to as pitaya, is a vibrant tropical fruit with inexperienced scales that may are available in varied shapes and hues. Whereas sometimes pink on the surface, the insides might vary from white to purple, pink, or purple.

The yellow dragon fruit is the sweetest and hardest to seek out of those varieties. The crunchy texture and candy style of dragon fruit make it an awesome addition to smoothies or acai bowls.

Dragon fruit is a nutritious snack for these with diabetes. The pure sugars are curbed from inflicting any hurt by the fibre in dragon fruit that slows down their absorption into the bloodstream.

However are dragon fruits actually secure for folks with diabetes? Let’s discover out. 

Dietary Profile of Dragon fruit

Most fruits profit you in a technique or one other, and so does dragon fruit. The very best a part of this tropical fruit is that it provides important vitamins whereas being low in energy.

A examine reveals that dragon fruit flesh (pulp) is wealthy in phenolic compounds with excessive antioxidant capability. It’s also a wealthy supply of bioactive phytochemicals that may present good well being results. 

In line with USDA, 100 grams of dragon fruit accommodates the next vitamins:

  • Energy: 57 energy
  • Protein: 0.36 g
  • Carbohydrates: 15.2 g
  • Fats: 0.14 g
  • Fibre: 3.1 g
  • Complete sugars: 9.75 g
  • Calcium: 9 mg
  • Potassium: 116 mg
  • Choline: 5.1 mg
  • Beta carotene: 14 mcg
  • Lutein + zeaxanthin: 44 mcg
  • Folate: 7 mcg

Branded and Packaged Dragon Fruit

Dragon fruit, which is available in varied branded varieties, could be present in frozen chunks, fruit chips, sorbet, fruit blends, and flavoured vitality drinks.

Nevertheless, these have various sugar ranges and energy, so folks with diabetes needs to be conscious and go for recent, entire fruits. Furthermore, the processing and preservation may alter the glycemic index rating of the dragon fruit.

In line with USDA, 100 grams of a branded dragon fruit snack with sulphur dioxide as a preservative accommodates solely the next vitamins. 

  • Energy: 264 energy
  • Protein: 3.57 g
  • Carbohydrates: 82.1 g
  • Fibre: 1.8 g
  • Complete sugars: 82.1 g
  • Calcium: 107 mg
  • Sodium: 39 mg
  • Vitamin C: 6.4 mg

You could evaluate this date with the dietary profile of the entire fruit to know the distinction higher. 

The HealthifyMe Notice

Recent, entire dragon fruit is way more healthy than branded snack varieties. In its pure type, dragon fruit accommodates solely 57 energy and 9.75 g of sugar per 100 g. Nevertheless, the identical sweetened, processed dragon fruit snacks comprise 264 energy and 82.1 g of sugar. Subsequently, folks with diabetes ought to at all times purchase entire dragon fruits to stop blood sugar spikes. 

Glycemic Index of Dragon fruit

The glycemic index (GI) denotes how a portion of meals containing carbohydrates impacts your blood sugar degree post-consumption. Meals with a low to reasonable GI take longer to get absorbed and digested.

Subsequently, changing carbohydrates to glucose takes an extended time. Because of this, it helps cut back or stop any dramatic impression on blood sugar ranges. 

The GI scores are rated as follows:

  • Low GI: 55 or decrease
  • Medium: 56 – 69
  • Excessive: 70 and above

Dragon fruit has not but been assigned an actual GI, nevertheless it sometimes ranges from 48-52, making it a low GI fruit. So, consuming dragon fruit moderately won’t trigger instantaneous or unhealthy spikes. As an alternative, the blood sugar ranges will rise slowly. It’s a vital profit for many individuals coping with diabetes.

Is Dragon Fruit Good for Diabetics?

Glucose Decreasing Impact

A examine says the betacyanin and antioxidant exercise of dragon fruit have a glucose-lowering impact. As well as, there was a extra important blood glucose discount with the next dose of dragon fruit extract.

Nevertheless, these results had been simpler in prediabetes. Subsequently, there’s a want for additional evaluation to know how useful dragon fruit is for sort 2 diabetes. 


Analysis additionally reveals that the extracts from stems, flowers, peels, and pulps of dragon fruit have a variety of highly effective pure antioxidants and prebiotic potential. It could possibly assist handle diabetes, weight problems, hyperlipidaemia, and most cancers.

Fibre Content material

The fibre in dragon fruit makes it a wonderful mid-morning or mid-afternoon snack for diabetes.

Research present {that a} meal plan with the correct quantity of fibre will help decrease sort 2 diabetes threat. It’s as a result of fibre slows down sugar or carb absorption to maintain blood sugar ranges regular. 

Sugar Content material

One serving of dragon fruit gives about 8-9 grams of sugar. It’s lower than many different tropical fruits. Apart from, a low GI rating of 48-52 is right for a diabetes administration weight loss program. 

The above advantages make dragon fruit a low-calorie and nutrient-dense fruit for diabetes. Nevertheless, solely dragon fruit juices are available in most nations.

Typically these drinks might not even comprise the precise dragon fruit extract. As an alternative, they’ve added sugar and flavourings. Subsequently, it’s not appropriate for diabetes and might spike blood sugar.

The HealthifyMe Notice

The low GI between 48-52, excessive fibre, and low sugar content material make dragon fruit good for diabetes. Nevertheless, dragon fruit juice has a excessive sugar quantity. Subsequently, it doesn’t have the identical anti-diabetic advantages as consuming entire dragon fruit. 

Dragon Fruit Advantages for Diabetic Sufferers

Certainly one of dragon fruit’s potential advantages for diabetes is the excessive vitamin C. It’s important for a sturdy immune system. Since folks with diabetes usually face compromised immune programs, having vitamin C-rich fruit is an effective alternative. As well as, the antioxidants beta-carotene and lycopene help eye well being and combat irritation. 

Dragon fruit can also be a superb supply of prebiotic fibre. As well as, it helps the expansion of excellent intestine micro organism and prevents digestive misery. A wholesome intestine microbiome will help handle blood sugar ranges. 

In line with the American Diabetes Affiliation, having a small piece of entire fruit, akin to dragon fruit, is a wonderful complement to the meal.

The each day advice for dragon fruit serving is round one cup. Nevertheless, every individual reveals a novel blood glucose response. Subsequently, you possibly can speak to a HealthifyMe nutritionist to know how a lot dragon fruit is suitable for eating.


Your meals will have an effect on your blood sugar degree, and so will dragon fruit. Nevertheless, dragon fruit won’t trigger a speedy sugar spike resulting from its low GI rating and excessive fibre content material. Dragon fruit’s fibre retains your blood sugar ranges regular. Apart from that, it’s naturally a low-calorie fruit. 

Available and packaged dragon fruits are extensively obtainable. Their availability is greater than the precise fruit. Nevertheless, recent fruit is best for blood sugar management than packaged ones.

Whereas dragon fruit is a helpful diabetes-friendly fruit choice, it’s best to nonetheless devour it moderately. Speak to a nutritionist at HealthifyMe to know in regards to the wholesome portion dimension for you.,

Regularly Requested Questions (FAQs)

Q. Does dragon fruit increase blood sugar?

A. Consuming one medium-sized dragon fruit or a cup of dragon fruit won’t increase blood sugar ranges. This fruit additionally has a low GI rating. Moreover, it’s best to eat dragon fruit as a snack. Even so, folks with diabetes can’t overeat it. Speak to your physician to discover a serving dimension appropriate to your wants and situation. 

Q. Can dragon fruit be eaten each day?

A. Dragon fruit is low in energy and GI rating, making it an ideal on a regular basis snack. Nevertheless, eat it as soon as per day and less than that. Both eat dragon fruit within the mid-morning or as a night snack. Having mentioned that, it’s at all times higher to decide on completely different diabetic-friendly fruits than follow just one choice every day.

Q. Does dragon fruit comprise sugar?

A. Each fruit accommodates some quantity of pure sugar. In line with the USDA, 100 grams of dragon fruit accommodates 9.75 grams of complete sugar. One entire dragon fruit accommodates 7.31 g of sugar, and one cup has the best, about 17.6 g. Nonetheless, dragon fruit has a low GI. Subsequently, its sugar doesn’t considerably impression blood sugar while you eat dragon fruit moderately. 

Q. Is dragon fruit excessive in uric acid?

A. No, dragon fruit just isn’t excessive in uric acid. As an alternative, dragon fruit will help cut back the speed of uric acid within the blood. As well as, it’s an anti-inflammatory fruit that stops the unwanted effects of an excessive amount of uric acid. Therefore, folks with gout and arthritis eat dragon fruit to cut back the signs like joint irritation and irritation. 

Q. What illnesses can dragon fruit treatment?

A. No single meals can treatment a illness. Nevertheless, some fruits will help stop, handle, and cut back illness threat. For instance, antioxidants and vitamin C can deal with sunburn, dry pores and skin and zits. It could possibly additionally assist decrease blood sugar ranges in diabetic sufferers. Dragon fruit additionally boosts immunity and bone well being. Moreover, it helps to stop eye issues akin to cataracts and macular degeneration.

Q. Is dragon fruit good for the liver?

A. Some animal research recommend that dragon fruit might enhance liver well being. Nevertheless, there are not any concrete human medical research to show the identical. Nonetheless, you possibly can drink unsweetened dragon fruit extract when you undergo from fatty liver. 

Q. Who ought to keep away from consuming dragon fruit?

A. These allergic to dragon fruit ought to keep away from it. You also needs to be cautious of mixing dragon fruit with blood sugar-lowering diabetes drugs. 

The Supporting Sources

1. Attar ŞH, Gündeşli MA, Urün I, et al. Dietary Evaluation of Pink-Purple and White-Fleshed Pitaya (Hylocereus) Species. Molecules. 2022;27(3):808. Printed 2022 Jan 26. doi:10.3390/molecules27030808

2. Information by the US Division of Agriculture. Information Sort: Survey (FNDDS) | Meals Class: Different fruits and fruit salads | FDC ID: 2344729 | Meals Code: 63116010

3. Information by the US Division of Agriculture. Information Sort: Branded | Meals Class: Healthful Snacks| FDC ID: 1871770

4. Poolsup, Nalinee et al. “Impact of dragon fruit on glycemic management in prediabetes and sort 2 diabetes: A scientific assessment and meta-analysis.” PloS one vol. 12,9 e0184577. 8 Sep. 2017, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0184577

5. Luu, Hai & Le, Truc-Linh & Huynh, Nga & Quintela-Alonso, Pablo. (2021). Dragon fruit: A assessment of well being advantages and vitamins and its sustainable growth underneath local weather modifications in Vietnam. Czech Journal of Meals Sciences. 39. 10.17221/139/2020-CJFS. 


6. Martin O Weickert, Andreas FH Pfeiffer, Affect of Dietary Fibre Consumption on Insulin Resistance and the Prevention of Sort 2 Diabetes, The Journal of Vitamin, Quantity 148, Difficulty 1, January 2018, Pages 7–12

7. American Diabetes Affiliation: Fruit Serving Suggestion

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