Friday, October 21, 2022
HomeCosmeticsL-ascorbic Acid: The Solely Vitamin C That Will increase Vitamin C Ranges...

L-ascorbic Acid: The Solely Vitamin C That Will increase Vitamin C Ranges In The Pores and skin

Usually, most individuals know vitamin C for its advantages when combating the widespread chilly or to deal with scurvy; nonetheless, vitamin C performs a big function in sustaining the wholesome functioning of the pores and skin. L-ascorbic acid is among the two types of vitamin C present in nature and is essentially the most biologically lively, which means it’s the most useful. L-ascorbic acid’s efficiency makes it the popular type of vitamin C for many dermatological and skincare merchandise. L-ascorbic acid’s full title could look just a little daunting, nevertheless it simply refers to a selected construction of vitamin C. Ascorbic acid is the title of vitamin C within the physique, and L in L-ascorbic acid refers back to the means the molecule rotates to mild. 

L-ascorbic acid is essentially the most ample antioxidant within the physique; nonetheless, people can’t produce it on our personal, in contrast to different mammals. As an alternative, we extract vitamin C by means of our weight loss program or supplementation. Vitamin C is concerned in lots of processes inside our our bodies, so the vitamin C we take up will get distributed to all our cells. Nonetheless, our pores and skin is usually the final organ to obtain vitamin C and doesn’t obtain it on the concentrations required to have an effect on the pores and skin in any important means.

L-ascorbic acid is present in nature in vegetables and fruit akin to oranges, broccoli, leafy greens, grapefruit, and peppers. It is usually present in sources akin to Kakadu Plum and Hibiscus, sources utilized in clear magnificence vitamin C merchandise. Sadly, the quantity of vitamin C in these sources is impacted by cooking and its freshness. This influence is partly because of the breakdown of L-ascorbic acid that happens when it’s uncovered to air, excessive temperatures, and water. Most balanced diets will present your physique with sufficient vitamin C to help your well being. Nonetheless, naturally occurring sources aren’t steady sufficient or comprise sufficient vitamin C to enhance the pores and skin’s look. This is the reason L-ascorbic acid utilized in merchandise is usually synthetically sourced. 

Making use of vitamin C to the pores and skin in serum, powder, or oil kind could assist your pores and skin to obtain the advantages of vitamin C. This is the reason topical vitamin C therapies are employed by dermatologists to assist enhance the looks of textured pores and skin, pigmentation, pimples, and firmness.


L-ascorbic acid

the nice:Helps to take care of pores and skin barrier integrity, fights pigmentation, could also be concerned in irritation processes within the pores and skin, is concerned in collagen manufacturing, and protects in opposition to solar harm.

the not so good: Extremely unstable molecule that makes formulating troublesome. This is the reason you will need to know what to search for when buying a vitamin C product.
Who’s it for? All pores and skin varieties. Folks with delicate pores and skin varieties ought to use a decrease focus of vitamin C and cut back the frequency of use.

Who’s it for? Any pores and skin kind, until an allergy to triethanolamine has been recognized.

Synergetic substances: Vitamin E and ferulic acid.

Regulate: The supply of vitamin C, the focus and kind of vitamin C product. Product varieties embody gels, serums and powders.

What Are The Advantages Of L-Ascorbic Acid?

L-ascorbic acid is a powerhouse ingredient that may assist to enhance the looks of your pores and skin in some ways, making it an awesome product to deliver into any skincare regime. Research mentioned within the Journal of Medical and Aesthetic Dermatology have outlined the advantages of topical vitamin C therapies. 1 Their analysis discovered proof that topical vitamin C can assist diminish the visibility of pigmentation, is concerned within the collagen manufacturing course of, could also be concerned in irritation, cut back the solar’s results on the pores and skin, and keep pores and skin barrier integrity.1

Environmental factors akin to radiation from the solar, UVA and UVB, air pollution, smoking, and weight loss program can put your pores and skin in a state of oxidative stress. Oxidative stress produces an imbalance within the ranges of molecules known as free radicals.6 This imbalance could result in harm of cells and tissues throughout the physique. Free radicals, additionally known as reactive oxygen species or ROS, are a pure by-product of the physique’s chemical processes. Consider them as your physique’s waste. Free radicals can accumulate and create an imbalance. This imbalance has been studied for its hyperlinks with many ailments and its function within the getting older course of.6 As an antioxidant, vitamin C is believed to cut back the results of oxidative stress by neutralizing the free radical molecules and rebalancing their ranges in your physique. 


Vitamin C and solar harm

When your pores and skin is uncovered to UV mild, it could produce free radicals as a part of a course of known as oxidative stress.6 Free radicals are concerned in a cascade of occasions which will cut back the quantity of collagen your physique produces, enhance mobile harm, and will trigger hurt to the DNA throughout the cell. The results of free radicals on the pores and skin consequence within the manufacturing of the looks of deep wrinkles, pigmentation, and lack of elasticity.1 These modifications in look additionally are typically related to the pure lower in collagen manufacturing and solar harm as we age. 

As an antioxidant, Vitamin C neutralizes the free radicals fashioned by publicity to the solar, giving vitamin C protecting and restorative qualities in opposition to solar harm.2 Sunscreens stay the best means of decreasing the results of solar publicity. Nonetheless, research have proven that vitamin C can improve the protecting skills of sunscreens and assist combat among the seen pigmentation related to solar harm.

 Proof from a number of research displayed the protecting properties of vitamin C in opposition to the solar’s dangerous results.  These research counsel that vitamin C and one other antioxidant, vitamin E, heighten the protecting skills in opposition to the solar in sunscreen formulations. Dermatologists would possibly advocate utilizing a vitamin C serum containing vitamin E earlier than a sunscreen to harness vitamin C’s capability to neutralize or rebalance the free radicals within the pores and skin.

 Vitamin C additionally helps to replenish vitamin E ranges within the pores and skin. Vitamin E is one other antioxidant like vitamin C, has been studied for its involvement in immune operate, sustaining pores and skin well being and its skills in supporting the pores and skin to guard itself from UV harm. 



As we age, collagen manufacturing decreases. From age 20, the quantity of collagen you produce reduces by 1% per yr. As a molecule, L-ascorbic acid has been studied for its function in pathways that produce collagen within the physique. Collagen kinds crosslinked fibers within the deeper layers of the pores and skin; this crosslinking creates a net-like construction. It’s thought that collagen could also be what offers your pores and skin with construction, suppose firmness or elasticity.

Vitamin C acts as a cofactor or a helper molecule within the physique’s pure collagen forming course of. L-ascorbic acid has been studied to assist crosslinking and stabilize the collagen fibers. Vitamin C has additionally been investigated for its involvement within the manufacturing of a molecule known as procollagen mRNA. This molecule indicators the manufacturing of collagen and is liable for signaling to the cell that collagen is required. Whereas a number of research help vitamin C’s involvement within the processes that produce collagen, analysis is ongoing as as to if skincare merchandise containing vitamin C have important results in bettering seen firmness and elasticity of the pores and skin.  Because the pores and skin is the final organ to obtain dietary vitamin C, topical L-ascorbic acid merchandise akin to powders and serums could also be useful to enhance the looks of the pores and skin. A research of vitamin C in skincare recognized that topical L-ascorbic acid merchandise elevated L-ascorbic acid ranges within the pores and skin.5 The research additionally discovered that vitamin C merchandise may enhance the looks of the pores and skin at any age.  


Pigmentation and L-ascorbic acid

Pigmentation happens on the floor of the pores and skin for a mess of inside and exterior causes. These can vary from being pregnant or melasma, hormonal imbalance, and solar harm to genetic predispositions, harm, or irritation. Melanin is the molecule liable for giving your pores and skin coloration or pigment—The uneven manufacturing of melanin leads to pigmentation areas on the floor. Vitamin C works to cut back the visibility of pigmentation by means of inhibition of the enzyme liable for producing melanin within the pores and skin. By inhibiting the irregular manufacturing of melanin, vitamin C, on the proper focus and pH, can assist decrease pigmentation’s look.  Dermatologists would possibly advocate concentrated vitamin C merchandise alongside retinol and laser for pigmentation. Utilizing vitamin C to cut back the looks of pigmentation can take time and rely in your product’s energy and frequency. It’s essential to make use of sunscreen alongside vitamin C merchandise to keep away from additional pigmentation from the solar.  



Irritation within the pores and skin is widespread. Nonetheless, some individuals must take care of infected pores and skin every day. Situations akin to pimples, psoriasis, rosacea, and eczema could trigger the pores and skin to be chronically infected. Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid is presently being studied for its function within the irritation course of. 

Vitamin C is believed to inhibit a molecule that prompts pro-inflammatory cytokines. Cytokines are concerned in immunity and assist produce the irritation response within the physique to heal – consider wholesome wound therapeutic. In situations the place the pores and skin is chronically infected, the cytokines react inappropriately, usually working in overdrive. This may end up in continual irritation. At present, topical vitamin C merchandise are being examined for a way it’s concerned in irritation, wound therapeutic, and post-inflammatory linked pigmentation. 


Pores and skin barrier integrity

The integrity of the pores and skin barrier is crucial for sustaining wholesome, clear pores and skin. The pores and skin barrier consists of the outermost layers of your pores and skin. It’s liable for defending the pores and skin’s deeper layers from harm, allergens, micro organism, and moisture loss. When points with the pores and skin barrier happen, it might counsel situations akin to atopic dermatitis and eczema. 

Vitamin C has been utilized in mixture with different skincare substances and dermatological therapies to deal with situations that have an effect on the pores and skin barrier. Vitamin C is believed to take care of the pores and skin barrier by enhancing the power of a sort of cell, keratinocyte, to specialize its operate within the cell. 

What Ought to You Contemplate When Selecting A Vitamin C Product?


Stability of your vitamin C product

L-ascorbic acid is a extremely unstable molecule. It requires a water-based setting, a low pH, and antioxidants to extend its capability to penetrate the pores and skin deeply. All of those situations are necessary for making a steady and lively vitamin C product. It’s important to know why L-ascorbic acid requires these situations when selecting a vitamin C product with the intention to discover one that’s efficient and can final. 

L-ascorbic acid has a diminished capability to penetrate the pores and skin at its pure pH. The diminished penetration is a results of the construction of the L-ascorbic acid molecule. L-ascorbic acid is a charged molecule and is hydrophilic. These two traits imply that L-ascorbic acid will readily bind to water molecules, making it onerous for the molecule to cross by means of the pores and skin’s hydrophobic layers. 

Decreasing the pH of a product to lower than 3.5 or make it extra acidic, permits for L-ascorbic acid to penetrate deeper and be steady for longer.4  Nonetheless, decreasing the pH of the product could result in sensitization of the pores and skin, because the pure pH of the pores and skin is round 5.5. You will need to know the focus of the product (extra on that beneath). 

To create a extra steady product that lasts longer, some vitamin C merchandise in the marketplace use completely different types of vitamin C of their merchandise. Different vitamin C’s akin to; magnesium ascorbyl phosphate or ascorbyl-6-palmitate are extra steady at a impartial pH.1

Nonetheless, a research performed by Duke College Medical Middle discovered that these two substitutes didn’t enhance the pure vitamin C ranges within the pores and skin.1

Some formulations will embody different antioxidants to assist stabilize the L-ascorbic acid. Research have advised that incorporating antioxidants akin to ferulic acid and vitamin E can enhance the steadiness and enhance the product’s capability to penetrate deeply into the pores and skin. A research printed within the Journal for Investigative Dermatology discovered that the ferulic acid stabilized the formulation and elevated the protecting capabilities of vitamin C to the solar’s results.7 

In poorly designed merchandise or formulations, the L-ascorbic acid can destabilize within the bottle, usually leaving the product with a yellow hue. Oxidation is the method that causes this discoloration in your product. In poorly designed formulations, the method of oxidation also can happen on the pores and skin’s floor, leaving the pores and skin with a buildup of free radicals and acidic by-products or waste. This will have an effect on the well being of the pores and skin mantle barrier, work together with different merchandise, and hasten the getting older course of. L-ascorbic acid will solely keep lively in skincare merchandise for a brief interval as soon as opened. Even well-designed merchandise will expertise this, as publicity to the air will oxidize the L-ascorbic acid.  To extend your product’s longevity, search for powder formulations, merchandise in vial kind, or small product sizes or merchandise formulated with antioxidants akin to ferulic acid. 



Focus is one other vital component when contemplating which L-ascorbic acid merchandise would greatest fit your wants. Manufacturers will promote a excessive degree of vitamin C of their product, akin to manufacturers which have 100% L-ascorbic acid of their product names. Whereas it might appear interesting to have concentrated merchandise, concentrations of L-ascorbic acid above 20% can irritate your pores and skin. Excessive ranges of L-ascorbic acid can sensitize the pores and skin, so at all times verify what focus of L-ascorbic acid is within the product. Most dermatological research have discovered {that a} vary between 8-20% produces one of the best outcomes with restricted irritation.

The research performed by Duke College Medical Middle discovered that the concentrations of L-ascorbic acid above 20% do not need elevated pores and skin advantages.3 The research decided that conversely, increased ranges can negatively influence the pores and skin’s situation. Delicate pores and skin varieties ought to use vitamin C merchandise within the decrease a part of the vary.


Artificial or plant-based vitamin C

Sometimes manufacturers received’t promote the energy of the vitamin C content material within the product however as a substitute concentrate on the supply. This lack of expertise relating to focus happens with formulations using Kakadu Plum, Hibiscus, or plant-based vitamin C sources. The difficulty with plant-based sources of vitamin C is that they are typically low in focus and are typically unstable. The energy of L-ascorbic acid in Kakadu Plum is about 2%; as such can’t have an effect on the pores and skin in any important means. The low focus of L-ascorbic acid in plant-based sources and the instability of most pure sources is why simplest vitamin C merchandise use an artificial type of L-ascorbic acid of their formulations, together with most clear magnificence manufacturers. 


Vitamin C merchandise

Many product varieties can ship vitamin C to the pores and skin.  Vitamin C formulations come as gels, serums, powders, and even in oil. L-ascorbic acid is a water-soluble molecule that requires a low pH and the inclusion of stabilizers and antioxidants. So, most L-ascorbic acid formulations shall be in a water base or dried kind. 

L-ascorbic acid is utilized in gel or serum formulations and the product is absorbed rapidly with out including additional moisturizing merchandise. This makes them appropriate for greasy or acneic pores and skin. Additionally they work nicely with a longtime skincare routine, avoiding disrupting a working regime. Powder types of L-ascorbic acid are additionally accessible. They stop the necessity for plenty of stabilizers and cut back the chance of decreased effectiveness by means of publicity to the solar and air because the product turns into lively solely when combined with water. 


Different forms of vitamin C

The kind of vitamin C usually varies between formulations. As a vitamin C supply, L-ascorbic acid is essentially the most well-researched supply and the supply that has proven essentially the most advantages to the physique. Different types of artificial vitamin C utilized in skincare are mineral ascorbates, calcium ascorbate, magnesium ascorbate, ascorbyl palmitate, or tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate.  The kind of vitamin C and the kind of product can have a big impact on the efficacy of the product.

Research have indicated that tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate would possibly equal L-ascorbic acid by way of effectiveness. Tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate is an oil-soluble type of vitamin C that works alongside different merchandise akin to retinol. In a evaluate performed by the Beauty Ingredient Evaluate, proof indicated that tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate is extra steady in answer, much less irritating, and capable of penetrate deeper into the pores and skin, making it a promising vitamin C remedy. 

What Are The Different Makes use of Of L-Ascorbic Acid?

L-ascorbic acid is perhaps used as a mixture remedy to help the remedy of different pores and skin situations. Vitamin C has been used to help therapies for progressive pigmented purpuric dermatosis (PPPD), allergic contact dermatitis, scarring, and vitiligo.8 These makes use of usually make the most of each the topical kind and the oral kind alongside different medication and supplementation.

1. Al-Niami, F & Chiang, N 2017. ‘Topical Vitamin C and the Pores and skin: Mechanisms of Motion and Medical Functions’, The Journal of Medical and Aesthetic Dermatology, vol. 10, is. 7, pp. 14-17.
2. Chen, L, Hu, J, Wang, S 2012. ‘The function of antioxidants in photoprotection: A vital evaluate’, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol 67, is. 5, pp.1013-1024. 
3. Murray, J, Burch, J, Streilein, R, Iannacchione, M, Corridor, R & Pinnell, S 2008. ‘A topical antioxidant answer containing nutritional vitamins C and E stabilized by ferulic acid, supplied safety for human pores and skin in opposition to harm attributable to ultraviolet radiation’ Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 59, is. 3, pp. 418-425. 
4. Pinnell, S, Yang, H, Omar, M, Monteiro-Riviere, N, DeBuys, H, Walker, L, Wang, Y & Levine, M 2001. ‘Topical L-ascorbic Acid: Percutaneous Absorption Research’, Dermatol Surg, vol.27, is. 2, pp.137-142. 
5. Pullar, J, Carr, A & Vissers, M 2017. ‘The Roles of Vitamin C in Pores and skin Well being’ Vitamins, vol. 9, is. 8, pp. 866. 
6. Telang, P 2013. ‘Vitamin C in dermatology’ Indian Dermatology On-line Journal, Vol. 4, is. 2, pp. 143-146. 
7. Yatskayer, M, Oresajo, C, Bhushan, P, Yano, S & Stephens, T 2011. ‘Medical analysis of an antioxidant gel cream containing vitamin c, ferulic acid and phloretin on photodamaged pores and skin’, Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, vol. 64, is. 2, pp. 24.
8. Wang, Okay, Jiang, H, Li, W, Qiang, M, Dong, T & Li, H 2018. ‘Function of Vitamin C in Pores and skin Illnesses’, Frontiers in Physiology, vol. 9, pp. 819. 



Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Most Popular

Recent Comments